My interests are in probability, logic, quantum, and category theory, especially monads.

*Conference papers are listed in their year of final publication. Conference talks without a proceedings paper are listed in the year of the talk.*

**Abstract:***Commutative W*-algebras as a Markov Category (Extended Abstract)*

We show that the probability monad on measure spaces is commutative. We do this is by duality, showing that the comonad on commutative W*-algebras is cocommutative. This requires us to characterize normal positive unital maps out of a colimit of commutative W*-algebras, which we do by introducing the notion of a positive operator-valued measure with "truly continuous marginals". In passing, we show that the product of [0,1] with Lebesgue measure, as intepreted in the category of measure spaces, is isomorphic to the coproduct of continuum-many copies of itself, so cannot be expressed using sigma-finite measures.

The corresponding preprint will appear as soon as possible.

**Preprint:***Some No-Go Results in Quantum Domain Theory*

In the first part we show that superoperators between finite-dimensional C*-algebras cannot be approximated from a countable set by using directed suprema. Then we show that the unit interval of a C*-algebra is a continuous dcpo iff the C*-algebra is a product of finite-dimensional matrix algebras (i.e. it is hereditarily atomic in the sense of Kornell). Supersedes Continuous Dcpos in Quantum Computing.

Slides from the talk at QPL 2022.**Preprint:***A Probability Monad on Measure Spaces*

We show that the category of commutative W*-algebras with positive unital normal maps is dual to the Kleisli category of a monad on the category of (compact complete strictly localizable) measure spaces. This is based on the probabilistic Gelfand duality between commutative unital C*-algebras with positive unital maps and the Kleisli category of the Radon monad on compact Hausdorff spaces.

Slides from the talk at ACT 2022.

Slides from the invited talk at SYCO 9

**Preprint:***Interpreting Lambda Calculus in Domain-Valued Random Variables*with Radu Mardare, Prakash Panangaden and Dana Scott.

We show how to interpret untyped lambda calculus in the set of P(N)-valued random variables using Boolean-valued models of set theory, and give a lambda calculus proof that there are incomparable many-one degrees as an example application.

**Conference Paper:***Scott Continuity in Generalized Probabilistic Theories*, published in EPTCS 318, pp. 66-84. Originally a talk at QPL 2019.

In this paper, I construct counterexamples to various generalizations of the use of Scott continuity in W*-algebras to the setting of base-norm and order-unit spaces. In particular, one cannot recover the predual of an order-unit space (if it has one) using Scott continuous states.

Using these constructions, and some classical counterexamples from functional analysis, I was able to produce several other counterexamples.**Journal Paper:***Probabilistic Logics Based on Riesz Spaces*with Radu Mardare and Matteo Mio. Published in*Logical Methods in Computer Science*Volume 16, Issue 1.

This is an extended version of earlier results, some joint work, and some by Matteo Mio alone, for*Riesz modal logic*, a logic, based on Riesz spaces, for reasoning about continuous Markov chains on compact Hausdorff spaces. This logic stands in relation to such Markov chains just as Boolean modal logic does to Stone coalgebras.

**Conference Paper:***Categorical Equivalences from State-Effect Adjunctions*, talk at QPL 2018, published in EPTCS 287, 2019, pp. 107-126.

In an earlier paper, Bart Jacobs defined a dual adjunction between effect algebras and abstract convex sets. This paper characterizes the subcategories on which this dual adjunction is a contravariant equivalence. I then outline how to get two more adjunctions and dualities using the theory of Smith base-norm and Smith order-unit spaces, like in my PhD thesis. In an appendix I characterize the effect modules/convex effect algebras for which effect algebra morphisms are automatically effect module homomorphisms, and give counterexamples showing that the result is the best possible.**Preprint:***Continuous Dcpos in Quantum Computing*

In this paper, I show that if the unit interval of a directed-complete C*-algebra*A*is a continuous dcpo, then*A*is a product of finite-dimensional matrix algebras. Combined with previous results due to Selinger, this characterizes the directed-complete C*-algebras with continuous unit interval. I also show that if the unit interval of*A*has a countable base (as a dcpo) then*A*is isomorphic to the algebra of bounded functions on a countable set, and is therefore commutative.

**Conference Paper:***Boolean-valued Semantics for Stochastic Lambda-Calculus*with Giorgio Bacci, Dexter Kozen, Radu Mardare, Prakash Panangaden and Dana Scott

Proceedings of the Thirty-Third Annual ACM/IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LICS), pp. 669-678. DOI: 10.1145/3209108.3209175

**Conference Paper:***Infinite-Dimensionality in Quantum Foundations: W*-algebras as Presheaves over Matrix Algebras*with Mathys Rennela and Sam Staton, QPL 2016, published in EPTCS 236, 2017, pp. 161-173.

This paper relates W*-algebras to presheaves on the category of finite-dimensional matrix algebras with completely positive maps.**Conference Paper:***Unrestricted Stone Duality for Markov Processes*with Dexter Kozen, Kim Larsen, Radu Mardare and Prakash Panangaden, LICS 2017

This paper defines a duality for Markov processes extending Sikorski's duality for measurable spaces. The version above includes an appendix with the proofs omitted from the proceedings version.

2017 32nd Annual ACM/IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LICS). DOI: 10.1109/LICS.2017.8005152**Conference Paper:***Riesz Modal Logic for Markov Processes*with Radu Mardare and Matteo Mio, LICS 2017

This paper makes a connection between Riesz spaces and probabilistic modal logics for Markov processes on compact Hausdorff spaces.

2017 32nd Annual ACM/IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LICS). DOI: 10.1109/LICS.2017.8005091

**Journal Paper:***The Expectation Monad in Quantum Foundations*with Bart Jacobs and Jorik Mandemaker, published in Information and Computation, 250, pages 87-114.

The original version of this paper was by Jacobs and Mandemaker only, in the proceedings of QPL 2011.

**Journal Paper:***From Kleisli categories to commutative C*-algebras: Probabilistic Gelfand Duality*with Bart Jacobs, published in*Logical Methods in Computer Science*, 2015, Volume 11, Issue 2.

The Radon monad is a kind of Giry monad (though predating Giry's paper) that assigns a compact Hausdorff space to its space of Radon measures. In this paper, we show that the Kleisli category of the Radon monad is equivalent to the category of commutative C*-algebras, under the functor that assigns a compact Hausdorff space*X*to its C*-algebra of complex-valued functions*C(X)*.

An earlier version as a conference paper from CALCO 2013 was published by Springer in the proceedings LNCS 8089, pages 141-157.**Conference Paper:***Towards a Categorical Account of Conditional Probability*with Bart Jacobs, originally for QPL 2013, published in EPTCS 195, pp. 179-195.

This paper gives a definition of conditional probability that can be applied in both the Kleisli category of the distribution monad and the category of C*-algebras (with positive unital maps). As an example, we use the Elitzur-Vaidman "bomb tester".**Conference Paper:***Unordered Tuples in Quantum Computation*with Bas Westerbaan, QPL 2015, published in EPTCS 195, pp. 196-207.

This paper is on how to realize certain quotient types (unordered tuples and necklaces) in C*-algebraic quantum theory.

*Quantum Entanglement and Algebraic Group Actions*

My Master's thesis, supervised by Bob Coecke

*Categorical Duality in Probability and Quantum Foundations*

My PhD thesis, supervised by Bart Jacobs (includes corrections to the printed version)